MUST HAVES – LAND USE, LAND-USE CHANGES AND FOOD SECURITY

In order to reconcile the use of land for productive activities with guaranteed preservation and restoration of vegetation cover and soil nutrients, with a view to meeting the needs of the expanded population of 2020, Brazil must work, by 2020 to prioritize:

  • carrying out large-scale ecological restoration [1], including the conservation of headwaters and riverbanks, and recovery of degraded areas;
  • reducing the use of land for the disposal of waste [2];
  • reducing degradation of the soil;
  • achieving net deforestation [3] of zero in all Brazilian biomes and improving monitoring and control systems;
  • increasing the productivity of agricultural areas by way of efficient use of agricultural materials and natural resources;
  • ensuring adequate use of land, with preservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services;
  • fighting hunger, malnutrition and the loss of food and guaranteeing the right to a balanced diet;
  • valuing and supporting small- and medium-scale rural producers and family farming and local chains of supply, production and consumption, and creating the conditions for permanently maintaining the rural population.

 

[1] Ecological restoration is the process of aiding the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed (MMA, 2014), and in the case of APPs and Legal Reserves such restoration is stipulated by the existing Forestry Code (Law nº 12,651/12).

[2] Contributing to fulfillment of the National Solid Waste Policy.

[3] This means that, for each area where deforestation has been necessary and authorized, there should be replanting in another area of the same biome to compensate for the loss (of environmental services, and not only carbon) that has occurred. This item also forms part of the Climate Change must-have.