MUST HAVES – BASIC NEEDS AND RIGHTS

Taking respect for human rights as a fundamental premise, efforts should be made, by 2020, to have speeded up universal access [1] to rights and basic needs, ensuring not only quantitative gain, but also the quality of goods and services to which the Brazilian population have access, providing adequate training for the full exercise of citizenship and the right to human security [2]. Brazil should work, in collaboration with other countries, to prioritize the following:

  • access to water, sanitation, energy and housing.
  • fighting hunger, malnutrition and the loss of food and guaranteeing the right to a balanced diet.
  • a significant increase in good quality basic, family [3] and citizenship [4] education.
  • access to all-round health care (with a focus on primary care) and prevention of drug use.

 

[1] Guided specifically by, but not limited to, the national goals already established by the Brazilian government.

[2] The concept of human security has been formulated by the United Nations Development Program and addresses the need to protect all individual human beings. The two main aspects of human security are: keeping people safe from chronic threats, such as hunger, diseases and repression, and protecting them from sudden changes with a negative impact on quality of life, such as wars, genocide, and ethnic cleansing.

[3] “Family education” means the establishment of programs of a complementary character to guide and support families, bringing together education, healthcare and social work, as laid out in the National Education Plan (BRASIL, 2014).

[4] “Citizenship education” is defined by the Paulo Freire Institute as “education for building active citizenship, defending the rights already won and creating new ones, with a view to establishing a new sphere of public state decision-making that aims to produce a radically democratic society”.