MUST HAVES – CLIMATE CHANGE

In order to help meet the internationally agreed objective of restricting the rise in global temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels, in the context of the existing regulatory framework and specific national characteristics and needs [1], Brazil should work to prioritize:

  • increasing to 50% the share of renewable energy in the national energy matrix [2];
  • significantly reducing emissions related to agriculture [3];
  • achieving net deforestation [4] of zero in all Brazilian biomes and improving monitoring and control systems;
  • increasing the volume of investment and the number of projects related to a low carbon economy;
  • identifying, proposing and implementing adaptation strategies to increase the resilience of cities.
  • diversifying the freight and passenger transport matrix and promoting sustainable mobility.

[1] This also includes needs relating to education, the raising of awareness and empowerment of society regarding climate change.

[2] Based on the 2013 energy matrix, with 41% renewable energy (EPE, 2014). 17

[3] In 2010, the Brazilian agriculture sector, which includes cattle gut fermentation, management of animal waste, arable soils, rice planting and the burning of agricultural waste, emitted 437,226 Gg of CO2 and 35% of total emissions in the country. Of this total, livestock farming is responsible for 61.3% of emissions, and arable farming 38.7% (BRASIL, 2013).

[4] This means that for each area in which deforestation is necessary and authorized, there should be replanting in another area of the same biome to compensate for the loss (not just of carbon but also of environmental services). This item also forms part of the Land Use, Changes in Land Use and Food Security Must Have.