BASIC NEEDS AND RIGHTS

The priority area Rights and Basic Needs brings together the main information on this issue in Ação 2020. The first step, after defining the priority area, was to draw up the must-haves, based on the initial survey of information conducted by CEBDS, consultation with specialists and examination by businesses through workshops. Discussions have already begun regarding business solutions and driving forces.

BASIC NEEDS AND  RIGHTS – MUST HAVES 

Taking respect for human rights as a fundamental premise, efforts should be made, by 2020, to have speeded up universal access [1] to rights and basic needs, ensuring not only quantitative gain, but also the quality of goods and services to which the Brazilian population have access, providing adequate training for the full exercise of citizenship and the right to human security [2]. Brazil should work, in collaboration with other countries, to prioritize the following:

  • access to water, sanitation, energy and housing.
  • fighting hunger, malnutrition and the loss of food and guaranteeing the right to a balanced diet.
  • a significant increase in good quality basic, family [3] and citizenship [4] education.
  • Access to all-round health care (with a focus on primary care) and prevention of drug use.

 

[1] Guided specifically by, but not limited to, the national goals already established by the Brazilian government.

[2] The concept of human security has been formulated by the United Nations Development Program and addresses the need to protect all individual human beings. The two main aspects of human security are: keeping people safe from chronic threats, such as hunger, diseases and repression, and protecting them from sudden changes with a negative impact on quality of life, such as wars, genocide, and ethnic cleansing.

[3] “Family education” means the establishment of programs of a complementary character to guide and support families, bringing together education, healthcare and social work, as laid out in the National Education Plan (BRASIL, 2014).

[4] “Citizenship education” is defined by the Paulo Freire Institute as “education for building active citizenship, defending the rights already won and creating new ones, with a view to establishing a new sphere of public state decision-making that aims to produce a radically democratic society”.

Education and Empowerment of Society

All the must-haves stress the importance of the role of the education and empowerment of society. Various social actors should be involved and work to ensure that the environmental, social and economic issues prioritized by the Must Haves generate understanding and support among the Brazilian population.

Specialists Consulted

  • Iane Kestelman – ABDA
  • Aline Matulja – Trata Brasil
  • Clarice Ferraz – Energy Economics Group (GEE), Economics Institute (IE) Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
  • Betina Lorenzetti – SEAB/SP
  • Marisa Schargel Maia – Fiocruz
  • Liliane Mendes Penello – Fiocruz
  • Ernesto Faria – Lemann Foundation
  • Breno Figueiredo – Infrapar
  • Samantha Barthelemy – Specialist/Consultant
  • Fabio Campos – Educa Net