The priority area of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services brings together the main information on this subject in Ação 2020. The first step, after defining the priority area, was to draw up the Must Have, based on the initial survey of information conducted by CEBDS, consultation with specialists and examination by businesses through workshops. Discussion of business solutions and driving forces has already begun and some publications relating to the issue can already be accessed.


In order to help to achieve the goal of reducing the loss of natural ecosystems, recovering degraded ecosystems, and protecting conservation areas, while sharing information with society in a transparent fashion, Brazil should, by 2020, work to prioritize:

  • developing and applying tools for evaluation, measurement, and valuation [1], monitor, investigate and report on use, dependency, impacts and the conservation of ecosystem services, taking into account the productive process as a whole;
  • ensuring protection and the development of recovery programs for already established preservation areas [2].
  • promoting the creation and maintenance of protected areas by way the conservation units envisaged in the SNUC [3] and other models, including privately owned areas;
  • increasing the number of projects and voluntary initiatives that seek to conserve natural resources, such as Payment for Environmental Services (PSA);
  • significantly stepping up initiatives for the sustainable use of natural resources by way of Access to Genetic Heritage and fair and equitable distribution of the benefits deriving from the use of biodiversity;
  • significantly reducing the fundamental causes of the loss of biodiversity[4].

[1] Such as the ESR – Ecosystem Services Review, a tool that measures the impact and dependency of productive activity on ecosystem services, CEV (Corporate Ecosystem Evaluation), ARIES (Artificial Intelligence for Ecosystem Services) and Invest (Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-off), among others.

[2] “Already established preservation areas”, is understood to cover Legal Reserves, Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs) and other areas covered by similar Brazilian legislation, especially under Law nº 12,651/12.

[3] SNUC – National Conservation Units System.

[4] Causes of loss of biodiversity are understood to include: deforestation; changes in the quality or air, water and soil caused by the dispersion of pollutants; exploitation of natural resources (seeds, nuts, oil, wood, water) without sustainable management, the fragmentation of ecosystems, the presence of invasive exotic species and climate change.

Education and Empowerment of Society

All the must-haves stress the importance of the role of the education and empowerment of society. Various social actors should be involved and work to ensure that the environmental, social and economic issues prioritized by the Must Haves generate understanding and support among the Brazilian population.

The development of initiatives and strategies to raise the awareness of society and disseminate knowledge and information regarding biodiversity.

Specialists Consulted

  • Fernando Veiga – TNC
  • Wilson Cabral de Sousa Jr – UFMG

Related Publications