The priority area of Climate Change brings together the main information on this issue in Ação 2020. The first step, after defining the priority area, was to draw up the must-haves based on the initial information survey conducted by CEBDS, consultation of specialists and examination by businesses through workshops. Discussion of business solutions and driving forces has already begun and some related publications on the issue can already be accessed.


In order to contribute to the internationally agreed objective of restricting the global rise in temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels, given the existing regulatory framework and national characteristics and needs [1], Brazil must prioritize:

  • Increasing to 50% the share of renewable energy in the national energy matrix [2];
  • Significantly reducing emissions related to agriculture [3];
  • Achieving net deforestation [4] of zero in all the biomes of Brazil and improving monitoring and control systems;
  • Increasing the volume of investment and the number of projects relating to the low carbon economy;
  • Identifying, proposing and implementing adaptation strategies as a way of increasing the resilience of cities.
  • Diversifying the freight and passenger transport matrix and promoting sustainable mobility.
[1] This includes needs relating to the education, increased awareness and empowerment of society regarding climate change.

[2] Based on the energy matrix of 2013, with 41% renewable energy (EPE, 2014).

[3] In 2010, the Brazilian agriculture sector, which includes cattle gut fermentation, the management of animal waste, agricultural soil, rice planting and the burning of agricultural waste, emitted 437,226 Gg of CO2, 35% of total emissions in the country. Of this total, livestock farming accounts for 61.3% of emissions, arable farming 38.7% (BRASIL, 2013).

[4] This means that, for each area in which deforestation is necessary and authorized, there should be replanting in another area in the same biome to compensate for the loss (of environmental services and not only carbon). This item is also included in the Land Use and Changes in Land Use and Food Security must haves.

Education and Empowerment of Society

All the must-haves stress the importance of the role of the education and empowerment of society. Various social actors should be involved and work to ensure that the environmental, social and economic issues prioritized in the must-haves generate understanding and collaboration from among the Brazilian populace.

Experts Consulted

  • José Marengo – CEMADEN
  • Emilio Lèbre La Rovere – PPE/COPPE/UFRJ
  • Tasso Azevedo – SEEG
  • Suzana Kahn – COPPE/UFRJ/ Brazilian Climate Change Panel
  • Sergio Besserman – Department of Economics, PUC – RIO

Related Publications