The priority area Land Use, Land-use Changes and Food Security brings together the main information on this subject in Ação 2020. The first step, after defining the priority area, was to draw up the Must Have, based on the initial survey of information conducted by CEBDS, consultation with specialists and examination by businesses through workshops. Discussion of business solutions and driving forces has already begun.


In order to reconcile the use of land for productive activities with guaranteed preservation and restoration of vegetation cover and soil nutrients, with a view to meeting the needs of the expanded population of 2020, Brazil must work, by 2020 to prioritize:

  • carrying out large-scale ecological restoration [1], including the conservation of headwaters and river banks, and recovery of degraded areas;
  • reducing the use of land for the disposal of waste [2];
  • reducing degradation of the soil;
  • achieving net deforestation [3] of zero in all Brazilian biomes and improving monitoring and control systems;
  • increasing the productivity of agricultural areas by way of efficient use of agricultural materials and natural resources;
  • ensuring adequate use of land, with preservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services;
  • fighting hunger, malnutrition and the loss of food and guaranteeing the right to a balanced diet;
  • valuing and supporting small- and medium-scale rural producers and family farming and local chains of supply, production and consumption, and creating the conditions for permanently maintaining the rural population.


[1] Ecological restoration is the process of aiding the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed (MMA, 2014), and in the case of APPs and Legal Reserves such restoration is stipulated by the existing Forestry Code (Law nº 12,651/12).

[2] Contributing to fulfillment of the National Solid Waste Policy.

[3] This means that, for each area where deforestation has been necessary and authorized, there should be replanting in another area of the same biome to compensate for the loss (of environmental services, and not only carbon) that has occurred. This item also forms part of the Climate Change must-have.

Education and Empowerment of Society

All the must-haves stress the importance of the role of the education and empowerment of society. Various social actors should be involved and work to ensure that the environmental, social and economic issues prioritized by the Must Haves generate understanding and support among the Brazilian population.

Specialists Consulted

  • Gilberto Tiepolo – TNC
  • Roberto Strumpf – Consultant
  • Marcelo Rocha – Fabrica Ética