The priority area Water brings together the main information on this subject in Ação 2020. The first step, having defined the priority area, was to draw up the must-haves based on the initial survey of information conducted by CEBDS, consultation with specialists and examination by businesses through workshops. Discussions regarding business solutions and driving forces have already begun and some publications relating to the issue can already be accessed.


To contribute to the internationally agreed objectives and ensure access for all water users and the provision of water of adequate quality and quantity and in equilibrium with the limitations of ecosystems, sharing this information with society in a transparent fashion, Brazil should, by 2020, prioritize:

  • conserving and protecting sources;
  • encouraging rational use, re-use, substantial reduction in losses during distribution and appropriate disposal of liquid effluents;
  • managing supply[1] and demand with a view to ensuring water security[2] and multiple use;
  • helping to increase the effectiveness of local river basin committees involving all users, including governments, businesses and civil society;
  • increasing the provision of basic sanitation in the country, with the aim of providing universal coverage.

[1] In this case, the management of supply involves both ensuring access to water and flood prevention.

[2] Water security is understood to mean the availability of an acceptable quantity of water of acceptable quality for health, livelihoods, ecosystems and production, in such a way as to ensure that the risks associated with water to people, the economy and the environment also remain at acceptable levels (GWP, 2012).

Education and Empowerment of Society

All the must-haves stress the importance of the role of the education and empowerment of society. Various social actors should be involved and work to ensure that the environmental, social and economic issues prioritized in the must-haves generate understanding and support among the Brazilian population. In the specific case of Water the aim is to develop strategies for training and engaging the general public so far as the conservation and rational use of water is concerned.

Specialists Consulted

  • Zeila Piotto – FIESP
  • Albano Araújo – TNC
  • Marcos Folegatti – USP
  • Edison Carlos – Trata Brasil